How close are we to vaccination for the coronavirus?
What are the vaccines?
A vaccine is a substance that stimulates the production of antibodies in the body against any particular causative agent of disease. A vaccine is prepared from a causative agent, but it is weak enough to be safe and does not cause any illness in the individual in which it is administered.
How are vaccines made?
Vaccines are made by weakening or killing the causative agent of a particular disease. It is made weak enough that it does not replicate properly or does not replicate at all. This weakness renders the causative agent unable to make one sick.
How do vaccines work?
The human body considers the vaccine a causative agent of disease. It starts producing antibodies that begin circulating in the blood, and if actual agent attacks later, the body’s immune system fights it with already made antibodies.
Why vaccines take so much time to be made?
Vaccines take a very long time to be manufactured and then made available to the public because vaccines have to go through a series of trials before they are passed and declared safe for administration.
Trials of vaccines focus on the efficacy and possible side effects. Some adverse effects are long-term, and scientists have to wait for an extended period before analyzing the data from people who were given a vaccination shot.
When will the vaccine for covid-19 be available?
Tens of different stakeholders are carrying out corona virus vaccination tests, and everyone is trying best to come up with a vaccine at the earliest. Still, it is too early to give a definite time for the availability of an effective vaccine against covid-19. Scientists are hoping to get a viable vaccine ready in 12 to 18 months.
Even if everything goes right and scientists prepare a vaccine, the next challenge will be the production of vaccines at a mega level and its availability to the general public.
Will the Covid-19 vaccine be mandatory in the future?
As things stand, governments will make it compulsory for everyone to get vaccinated when a vaccine is available. But this is fair to say that vaccines will have some adverse effects on people’s health, especially those having underlying disease conditions. The reason is the hasty process of research and race to make vaccine first for economic gains. Corona virus vaccination tests are going on very quickly, neglecting some basic rules for the production of a safe and effective vaccine.
Till now, it is not known when the vaccine is coming out, and if the vaccine will be safe for administration or not. Till then, we have to follow the basic rules to curb the spread of covid-19, wear a mask, avoid contact and stay indoor if not necessary to go out and hope for the best.